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Review in pictures: ‘Protection of human rights by the Russian constitutional court’. Lecture by Vassily Tokarev, Europe Capitole Centre of Excellence

May 20, 2019

Video review of the lecture given in French by Vassily Tokarev (Russia). Analysis of the legal-political nature of the constitutional court and its decisions to better understand its role in safeguarding human rights and the establishment of the rule of law in today’s Russia

 Although the Russian constitutional court has had a relatively short history, it does play an important role in the development of constitutional law and the political system in contemporary Russia. Specifically, the constitutional court holds an influence over the practical application of the constitution through its interpretation of this basic law and thus ensures the primacy of the constitution.
The understanding of the content and limits of human rights and freedoms depends directly on the interpretation of the constitution and federal laws.
In fact, the constitutional court positions itself among other State institutions as the ‘guardian of values’ rather than the ‘guarantor of the constitution’. This defines the court’s legal and political nature.
On the one hand, the constitutional court must ensure the supremacy of national law over the entire Russian territory; as a result, it can reinterpret article 15 of the 1993 constitution in the interests of State sovereignty.
On the other hand, under article 2 of the constitution, ‘man, his rights and freedoms are the supreme value.’ Furthermore, the State is restricted by this article to recognise, observe and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
As such, it is difficult to draw quick conclusions on how the Russian constitutional court may develop in the coming years. Nevertheless, this lecture will analyse its legal and political nature and its decisions in order to grasp the role it plays in protecting human rights and the rule of law in the Russia of today.

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Video review

:
Gaëlle LE MERER
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